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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Screenshot-2018-1-5 Presenting B PMP

BPMP - Biochemistry and Plant Molecular Physiology

In higher plants, autotrophy and biomass production involve assimilation of CO2 from the atmosphere, as well as uptake and transport of mineral nutrients and water from the soil. Gaining fundamental knowledge on the uptake and transport functions is becoming of crucial importance.

Indeed, the agricultural practices developed since the Green Revolution at the beginning of the 1960's, were based on the combined use of high-yielding genotypes and high inputs (e.g., irrigation water and fertilizers).

Owing to global issues related to the changing environment, these methodologies have to be revised towards the production of more water- and nutrient-efficient genotypes, due to the need for ecological intensification of agro-ecosystems, as well as the global changes we are now facing.

Furthermore, increasing plant retention of beneficial mineral micronutrients, such as Fe, Zn, Mg or Se, while reducing retention of toxic minerals, such as Cd and As, is a major objective to improve the nutritional value of crop-derived food, potentially enhancing human health.

The biology of ion and water transport in plants involves specific concepts and methods that are generally not acquired during classical Master and PhD studies. The MISTRAL summer school on ion and water transport in plants puts emphasis on such concepts and methods.

MISTRAL est une école d'été pour Doctorants et Post-Doctorants dont le programme didactique concerne l’étude des mécanismes moléculaires assurant et régulant le transport de l'eau et des ions nutritifs (nitrate, phosphate, potassium, fer, métaux lourds...) chez les plantes, et les rôles de ces mécanismes dans l'adaptation de la plante à son environnement abiotique (carences nutritionnelles, stress hydrique...) et dans la communication électrique et calcique avec les micro-organismes bénéfiques du sol (symbioses racinaires). Cette école a pour objectif de former des doctorants et post-docs sur la théorie et les techniques d’analyse pour l’étude de la fonction du transport des ions et de l’eau chez les végétaux. De plus MISTRAL vise à : i) favoriser les rencontres et échanges entre chercheurs et entre jeunes scientifiques et chercheurs, ii) favoriser le partage de connaissances et technologies, iii) former des jeunes scientifiques et iv) promouvoir les collaborations bilatérales entre Pays. MISTRAL est organisée tous les deux ans et comme dans la précédente édition (2018), cette année inclura des enseignants d'Universités Européennes et Japonaises, qui participeront avec des cours, des conférences ou en encadrant des travaux pratiques.